Things to do in January


Fertilize asparagus, strawberries, daylilies, iris, pansies and roses. Use compost, manure or a complete fertilizer.


Water everything well before a freeze, but avoid overwatering.


Plant bare root and container grown roses, shrubs, trees, groundcovers and vines. Move hardy seedlings outdoors. Divide and transplant perennial herbs and summer and fall blooming perennial flowers. Donate extras to a plant sale.

Prepare Soil:

Add compost and/or fertilizer. Till deeply. Test soil (forms available at the Extension Office). Check winter mulch and replenish, if needed. Stockpile leaves for mulch and composting throughout spring and summer.

Lawn Care:

If lawn has a history of brown patch problems, treat with a labeled fungicide late in the month. Repeat treatment in 3 to 4 weeks, if needed.

Diseases/Pests to look for:

Check for mealy bugs and for scale on houseplants. Need a plant problem identified? Bring a sample in a ziplock bag to the Extension Office, 1600-B Smith Road.


Extension Office (512) 473-9600 for fruit and nut tree spray schedules.

Things to plant in January

Flower plants:

  • Alyssum
  • Butterfly Weed
  • Calendula
  • Candytuft
  • Cornflower
  • Dianthus
  • Daisy (African, Michaelmas and Painted)
  • Gaillardia
  • Liatris
  • Edging Lobelia
  • Nasturtium
  • Ornamental Cabbage and Kale
  • Pansy
  • Phlox paniculata
  • Snapdragon
  • Stock

Flower seeds:

  • Ageratum
  • Alyssum
  • Balsam
  • Bluebell
  • Calendula
  • Candytuft
  • Cleome
  • Coreopsis
  • Cornflower
  • Delphinium
  • Echinacea
  • Feverfew
  • Gaillardia
  • Gayfeather
  • Gerbera
  • Hollyhock
  • Hyacinth
  • Larkspur
  • Lobelia
  • Lupine
  • Nasturtium
  • Phlox drummondii
  • Poppy
  • Queen Anne’s Lace
  • Petunia
  • Snapdragon
  • Sweet Pea
  • Sweet William


  • Allium
  • Alstroemeria
  • Amarcrinum
  • Canna
  • Crinum
  • Dahlia
  • Daylily
  • Gladiolus
  • Hosta
  • Hyacinth
  • Spider Lily (Hymerocallis)
  • Liriope
  • Monkey Grass
  • Rain lily
  • Society Garlic
  • Tigridia
  • Tulip


  • Early—Mid Month: phparagus crowns
  • Mid—Late Month: Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Onion sets, Peas (English & edible pod), Spinach


  • Garlic chives
  • Horseradish
  • Parsley
  • Chervil


  • Bare root or container grown pecans
  • fruit trees
  • grapes
  • berry bushes

Other things to do:

Time to get the garden ready for the new growing season. Clean, repair and replace garden tools. Create a garden plan to help organize chores and planting schedules. Start tomato, pepper and eggplant seedlings indoor under fluorescent lights.

Courtesy of the Garden Guide for Austin & Vicinity, published by the Travis County Master Gardener Association, copyright 2000-2002.